Anthropology: The Basics by Peter Metcalf PDF

By Peter Metcalf

ISBN-10: 0415331196

ISBN-13: 9780415331197

The final advisor for the scholar encountering anthropology for the 1st time, Anthropology: The Basics explains and explores key anthropological ideas including:
<UL> • what's anthropology?
• how will we distinguish cultural ameliorations from actual ones?
• what's tradition, anyway?
• how do anthropologists examine culture?
• what are the main theories and ways used today?
• How has the self-discipline replaced over time?
This student-friendly textual content offers an outline of the basic ideas of anthropology and is a useful advisor for someone eager to examine extra approximately this attention-grabbing subject.

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Example text

At the same time, people often ask themselves whether the anthropologists sensationalize their accounts, making their hosts out to be more naïve than they really are. This is a very proper skepticism, since this kind of romanticism is a constant vice of travel literature. Firth addresses the issue squarely at the outset. Even though Tikopia was so remote, it had already been influenced deeply by outside contacts. To start with, half the population was Christian, at least nominally. The miracle was that any Tikopian continued in their traditional rituals.

Then, about 100,000 years ago, a new type of human appears with tiny adjustment to the skull and pelvis characteristic of modern humans. These “anatomically modern humans” evolved from some population of H. erectus probably in East Africa, and then spread even further around the world than their forebears, gradually displacing them as they went. VA R I AT I O N W I T H I N T H E S P E C I E S What this means is that all living human populations are much more closely related than anyone understood in the nineteenth century.

BLOOD TYPE To drive that lesson home, let’s look quickly at another physical feature, this time one that could not possibly have appeared in Linnaeus’ classification or medieval folklore. It was only in the nineteenth century that it was discovered that human blood was not the same in everybody, but differed chemically in many different ways. The first and best-known classification was into blood types A, B, and O. Unlike skin color, which can vary infinitely along a scale, everyone has blood of one type or another.

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Anthropology: The Basics by Peter Metcalf

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