By Patrick J. Hurley
Unsurpassed for its readability and comprehensiveness, Hurley's A CONCISE advent TO common sense is the number 1 introductory good judgment textbook available in the market. during this 11th version, Hurley keeps to construct upon the culture of a lucid, centred, and obtainable presentation of the fundamental material of common sense, either formal and casual. Hurley's large, conscientiously sequenced number of workouts proceed to steer scholars towards larger talent with the talents they're studying.
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Extra info for A Concise Introduction to Logic (11th Edition)
The least painful way to protect the environment is to limit population growth. (Craig M. Bradley, letter to the editor) III. Deﬁne the following terms: logic argument statement premise conclusion conclusion indicator premise indicator inference proposition truth value IV. Answer “true” or “false” to the following statements: 1. The purpose of the premise or premises is to set forth the reasons or evidence given in support of the conclusion. 2. Some arguments have more than one conclusion. 3. All arguments must have more than one premise.
In borderline cases, ask yourself whether the topic sentence makes a claim that everyone accepts or agrees with. If it does, the passage is probably not an argument. In real-life situations authors rarely try to prove something is true when everyone already accepts it. However, if the topic sentence makes a claim that many people do not accept or have never thought about, then the purpose of the remaining sentences may be both to prove the topic sentence is true as well as to develop it. If this be so, the passage is an argument.
Ockham extended the theory of modal logic, conducted an exhaustive study of the forms of valid and invalid syllogisms, and further developed the idea of a metalanguage, a higher-level language used to discuss linguistic entities such as words, terms, and propositions. Toward the middle of the fifteenth century, a reaction set in against the logic of the Middle Ages. Rhetoric largely displaced logic as the primary focus of attention; the logic of Chrysippus, which had already begun to lose its unique identity in the Middle Ages, was ignored altogether, and the logic of Aristotle was studied only in highly simplistic presentations.
A Concise Introduction to Logic (11th Edition) by Patrick J. Hurley