ISBN-10: 1405149949

ISBN-13: 9781405149945

This number of newly comissioned essays via overseas individuals bargains a consultant assessment of an important advancements in modern philosophical logic.

•Presents controversies in philosophical implications and purposes of formal symbolic common sense.

•Surveys significant traits and provides unique insights.

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**Extra info for A Companion to Philosophical Logic**

**Example text**

Are] mockt and deluded . . with ragged Notions and Babblements, while they expected worthy and delightful knowledge” (On Education).

We should then expect him to tell us straightaway what this other means of knowledge of these first principles is. Instead, he expends a great deal of argument trying to prove that the regress of premises always ‘comes to a stop,’ and it is in this argument that he needs the results established in the Prior Analytics. In order to appreciate the significance of this, we need to take note of an important difference between Aristotle’s logical system 16 ANCIENT GREEK PHILOSOPHICAL LOGIC and modern predicate (and propositional) logic.

On this basis, he thinks that he can respond to Zeno’s paradoxes of motion by claiming that a body in motion, while it is in motion, is never actually at any location: it is actually only in motion, only potentially at any of the points along its path. Were 18 ANCIENT GREEK PHILOSOPHICAL LOGIC it to stop, of course, it would actually be located at some point; but then, it would no longer be in motion. I will not discuss here whether this is an effective response to Zeno: what is important is that it depends on a notion of potentialities as properties which things can have at a given time without exhibiting them at that time.

### A Companion to Philosophical Logic

by Donald

4.3