By Clark Spencer Larsen
An intensive evaluation of the quickly becoming box of organic anthropology; chapters are written through major students who've themselves performed an enormous function in shaping the path and scope of the self-discipline. <ul type="disc"> * huge review of the quickly starting to be box of organic anthropology * Larsen has created a who’s who of organic anthropology, with contributions from the best experts within the box * Contributing authors have performed a big position in shaping the path and scope of the subjects they write approximately * bargains discussions of present concerns, controversies, and destiny instructions in the zone * offers assurance of the numerous contemporary options and discoveries which are reworking the topic
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Extra resources for A Companion to Biological Anthropology (Blackwell Companions to Anthropology)
Davenport (1866–1944), later president of the AAPA (1943–4), was an early proponent of eugenics. He established the Carnegie Institution-funded Eugenics Record Office at Cold Spring Harbor. Davenport, along with Henry Fairfield Osborn (1857–1935) and Madison Grant (1865–1937), founded the Galton Society in 1918 (Gregory 1919). Osborn’s nephew, Frederick Osborn, was one of the early directors of the American Eugenics Society and was instrumental in the society’s transformation to a post-war ‘new’ eugenics, which was largely concerned with family planning, human population demography, and medical genetics (Osborne and Osborne 1999).
The National Socialist Period (1933–45), which saw the rise of Adolf Hitler and Nazism, was, of course, marked by an obsession with ‘race’ and racial purity as well as by its own atrocities. ’ English scientists made substantial contributions to comparative primate anatomy in the early part of the twentieth century, including Arthur Keith (above) in London and Grafton Elliot Smith (1871–1937) in Manchester. In fact both played an important role by training scientists who later left their mark on physical anthropology in the United States.
Virtually all primates spend their time in the company of other members of their social group: generally speaking, primates are highly social. Why are primates social? While a variety of answers to this question have been forthcoming in primate studies over the last half century, the key reasons seem to be protection from predation and competition for food resources. In large part, the size and kind of the social unit is a compromise between safety and subsistence issues. Regardless of the characteristics of the social group, social behavior is closely tied to evolutionary success.
A Companion to Biological Anthropology (Blackwell Companions to Anthropology) by Clark Spencer Larsen